Category Archives: Knowledge

Build Your Own Electric Car

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This product is offered by a Les and Jane who have been living “off grid” for the past 15 years. They drive their own homemade electric car and use solar and wind energy to run their house.

carlos-xuma-official-site-button22Their book reveals the method that they used to convert their car to run on electricity at a cost that they, as regular people, could afford. The cost of the whole process is a few hundred dollars. And they will also show you how to complete a 100 miles with one charging.

You will learn in a step-by-step the method of converting your car to electric power and how to reduce the money that you pay for fuel to nearly zero.

This method is not only an effective way to get great mileage for less, but it also helps the environment. The use of fuel increases the amount of harmful gases in the environment which has a negative affect on the overall environment and particularly on the local environment. By adapting to this method of running your vehicle you are also doing a favor to our environment.

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You will be pleased to learn that the IRS gives refunds to people who are using environmentally friendly methods of living. In this book you will learn how to benefit from this as well.

In the book you will learn how to replace the expensive batteries that you have to buy for running your car on electricity. You can keep a whole bank of used batteries in great shape for years.

The car speed is something that you may be concerned about because without speed there’s no point in wasting money on such methods. The authors say that your electric powered car will easily achieve freeway speeds. This means that in terms of performance there will be no issues at all.

For the couple, however, this electric vehicle conversion is only part of what has been a 15 year journey to find the ultimate way to maintain a normal lifestyle and live green at the same time.

The price of the book “Build Your Own Electric Car” is $19.97 dollars. There is also “The Going Green Value Pack” on offer, which includes “Build Your Own Electric Car” + 4 other books each with information on different methods (solar panels, wind generators and bio diesel production )of using “green” energy . With this package you will be able to live a more environmentally friendly lifestyle. It is available for $49.97. There is also a 60 day money back guarantee in case you don’t find the information useful.

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Understanding the High Cost of Organic Clothing

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Many people interested in “going organic” and purchasing only organic clothing become dismayed when they see that the price is generally somewhat higher than other types of clothing.  Some even wonder if it’s some sort of conspiracy and believe that those who produce this type of clothing must be raking in the money.
The truth is that there are many factors that go into the making of organic clothing that automatically runs up the price.
The first of these is that many makers of organic clothing don’t make the millions of copies of an outfit that manufacturers of conventional clothing often do.  Many organic companies are small family-run stores that struggle to have enough inventory for customers.
Another factor involves organic cotton.  This type of cotton is more expensive to grow and yields less cotton per hectare than conventional cotton.  Organic crops must still deal with weeds and pests, often using more expensive natural herbicides and pesticides.  This makes fabrics made from organic cotton overall more expensive.
Organic cotton is more expensive to harvest than regular cotton.  The conventional cotton companies use chemical additives in order to facilitate harvesting by the harvester machines.  While chemical defoliation improves harvesting, it adds to the chemicals left in the cotton garments people wear.  Organic cotton harvesting relies on no chemicals resulting in a
somewhat lower yield.
Finally, many organic fabrics are more expensive to manufacture.  The lower harvest yields increases the costs of cleaning and preparing the raw cotton.  In addition, because organic cotton processing is done in factories that produce regular cotton, all of the machines, cotton gins, weaving and knitting machines must be thoroughly cleaned before the organic cotton can be processed.  This adds to the cost.
Sadly, labor costs are less in conventional clothing manufacturing, which often relies on cheap labor or, in some instances, child labor, to manufacture.  This type of practice would generally be considered unacceptable for manufacturers of organic clothing.  One exception is the silk industry, which relies on millions of hand loom operators in India to make the organic silk products.
An example of how conventional fabric manufacturers have a leg up on organic clothing manufacturers is a company, which makes cotton tank tops for Wal-Mart that pays a total of thirteen cents per hour in sweatshops in Nicaragua and other developing companies.  Organic clothing manufacturers would consider this unethical and can’t keep up with those kinds of
labor costs.
Organic clothing is more expensive to ship, distribute and provide to retailers and customers.  This is because the market size is so much smaller than the big retail stores and the per garment cost to ship is greater.  In addition, organic clothing stores must pay more for advertising and marketing of their products.  The customer base is less dense and more
advertising must be done to reach an appropriate audience.
The economics of organic clothing sales are such that growers, manufacturers and retailers lack the buying power of the bigger superstores and retailers.  The production of organic clothing is still a very small part of clothing manufacturing so that everything from harvesting to packaging becomes a bigger process.
For those who love organic clothing, however, the cost may be worth it. The environment is helped by the purchase of organic clothing and the clothing itself carries less of a health risk than conventional garments.

 

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Make Your Own Family Artifacts for Future Generations

Do you remember when you were a child and you found time capsules to be so interesting? I know I did. I can remember looking at a time capsule filled with artifacts from several decades prior to that time and I just sat and stared in awe of what was inside.

The artifacts in the time capsule were things like magazines, newspapers, photographs and records dating back to the time when the time capsule was buried underground for unearthing years later.

Now, if you have kids, think about how much fun it would be for them if you created a time capsule with things that will be considered artifacts when the capsule is opened in fifty years. You can make it into a fun game where your kids can brainstorm ideas of what they would want to include in the time capsule that would be good artifacts and examples of this day in age and a representation of your family.

They will probably come up with a ton of crazy ideas. However, let them figure out what they would like to include and then whittle the list down from there. Some ideas for artifacts include a current model cell phone, an mp3 player, some photographs, newspapers and magazines from the current month and possibly some candy that people can look at and compare to the candy in
the future.

The fun will come when your kids will help formulate what you will put in the time capsule and then you can watch the excitement in their faces when you prepare to bury the time capsule and then cover it for release in 50 years. Be sure to record it somewhere so your children or their children will be able to open it at that time to take a look and compare what has evolved between now and  then.

This can turn in to a fun and educational game for your children that they will no doubt remember for the rest of their lives. They could even do a demonstration of it in their classrooms and maybe inspire other children to pursue time capsules full of family artifacts of their very own.

It will also be fun doing it together. There are so few activities anymore where kids and their parents can really get into it and do it together all while having fun at the same time. Your kids grow up so fast that it is important to take the time to help them grow and learn while spending as much quality time with them as you can.

Before you and your children know it, they will be grown up and have children of their own. Seize opportunities to create lasting bonds that will last more than a lifetime. When they open the time capsules, they will no doubt remember the good times you had together and your work as a parent will be done. Then hopefully they will carry on the tradition with their own kids and grandkids.

Affiliate Marketing Guide Down And Dirty

For anyone who has, or wants to have, and affiliate marketing business it’s important to realize that like any other type of business you will need to learn how to do it. Affiliate marketing is an easy business to learn, but it will still take a little time and effort if you truly want to be successful. This article can be your affiliate marketing guide and can help you get started on an exciting new career.

Sometimes when something is too easy people tend to take it for granted and not take it seriously. I’ve seen this happen to many would be affiliate marketers. In order to be successful you can never treat your business like a hobby. If you learn your trade and work at it consistently you can make virtually unlimited income.
The biggest focus of your affiliate marketing business will be to get a steady stream of qualified visitors to your website. There are many methods you can use to do this, some of them are free and others cost money…some times a lot of money. The key thing to remember is that you want qualified visitors. What does that mean? It means people who are actively looking for the product or service that you are offering and are ready to buy. You don’t just want to attract a lot of ‘tire kickers’.

In order to get qualified visitors there are specific things you can do to attract them. For one thing, if you are using article marketing ( a method where you submit an article that offers valuable information about the product you’re promoting to be published by an article directory) than you know that anyone who is clicking on and reading your article is obviously interested in your product or service.

When you are using Pay Per Click or PPC ( a method where you place an ad on a search engine targeting a specific keyword and you pay when someone clicks on your ad and is taken to your website) than you want to make your ad as specific as possible. For example, if you are selling T.V. ‘s don’t place a generic ad that says “T.V’s for sale”. That’s way too general and you’ll get a lot of people who are just looking.

If, on the other hand, your ad is very specific like: “Sony 52″ High Def, Flat Panel T.V’s For Sale” then you will get more people who have narrowed down their search, know exactly what they are looking for and are ready to buy.

Getting qualified visitors to your website is part one. Part two is to turn as many visitors into customers as you can. One great way to do that is to have an email list that they can sign up to. Offer them something of value such as a free report if they sign up to your list.

Then your autoresponder service ( a service that will automatically send out emails over whatever period of time you choose. You just write the emails, pre- load them into the autoresponder, determine how often they should go out and anyone who signs up to your list will receive the emails one at a time starting with number one and going all the way through the series) will help you build a relationship and trust with the people on your list.

Just make sure that when you send your emails you don’t just send one sales pitch after another. If you do that people will un-subscribe from your list. Instead, offer them valuable tips and add a P.S. explaining the benefits of your product or service.

Affiliate marketing is a fantastic career. To get started use the information in this affiliate marketing guide and continue to expand your knowledge.

What is satellite radio

Satellite radio is often considered one of the biggest improvements in broadcasting since the introduction of the FM band. Satellite radio is also called subscription radio or pay-radio because it is only available trough subscription to one of the satellite radio providing companies. Satellite radio follows a concept similar to cable television by providing a very wide range of programs which are not available in the traditional FM or AM format for a fee.

Satellite radio uses satellites to deliver radio programs to subscribers. The radio signal is broadcasted from Earth based stations to communicational satellites, which then redirect the signal to satellite radio receivers. The radio signal is broadcasted by communication satellites to a much larger area than traditional terrestrial radio antennas. For example, satellite radio is available al across the continental area of the United States. Satellite radio is available now in most parts of the world trough services provided by companies like WorldSpace (in Europe, Asia and Africa), Sirius and XM Radio (in North America). The radio signal you receive using satellite radio is digital, which means that it is always clear and static-free, which is one of the great advantages of satellite radio. Another great thing about satellite radio is that it is almost completely commercial-free.

To begin listening to satellite radio you will need the actual satellite radio (also known as tuner or receiver), a satellite radio antenna (which is often incorporated in the satellite radio) and a subscription to the service you choose. There are several types of satellite radio from which you can choose. One of them is the dedicated car or home radio, which play trough your car or home stereo. A second option is the plug-and-play radio, which can be used in your car, as well as in your home by paying a single subscription. Your third option is the portable radio, which has rechargeable battery, a built-in antenna and you can listen to it wherever you go using headphones. The radio signals offered by different satellite radio companies are proprietary, which means that you will need different hardware for receiving, decoding and playback, depending on your subscription. Each satellite radio receiver has its own serial number called Radio ID. When you get your subscription, you will also get an activation code for your receiver. Besides the actual radio programs, satellite radio transmits metadata that contains the name of the artist, the title of the song or program, as well as the name of the channel. This makes it easier for you to decide which channel to listen to and which program to choose.

Satellite radio services provide the subscriber with more than 100 programs that vary in content from rock and jazz to rap and classical music. But satellite radio’s utility reaches far beyond listening to your favorite music without the interruption of those annoying commercials. Satellite radio also offers exclusive sports programs, cultural and educational shows, news and talk-shows. Some of the celebrities that have moved their shows from free radio to satellite radio include Howard Stern, Opie and Anthony, Bob Edwards and Martha Stewart. Unlike terrestrial radio, satellite radio is not affected by bad weather or even calamities.

At first, many people wondered why they should pay for radio if they can get it free. However, satellite radio attracts more and more people every year due to its great advantages: no commercials, extensive reach, theme programs and exceptional quality of sound.

What is writer’s block?

What is writer’s block?

Well, I just can’t think of a single darn thing to
say. Oh well, I’m outta here!

Sound familiar? No! Oh, get real! We’ve all
experienced this phenomenon when we absolutely have to
write something, particularly on deadline. I’m talking
about. . . . .uh, I can’t think of what the word is .
. . oh, yes, it’s on the tip of my tongue . . . it’s:

WRITER’S BLOCK!!!!

Whew! I feel better just getting that out of my head
and onto the page!

Writer’s block is the patron demon of the blank page.
You may think you know EXACTLY what you’re going to
write, but as soon as that evil white screen appears
before you, your mind suddenly goes completely blank.
I’m not talking about Zen meditation
stare-at-the-wall-until-enlightenment-hits kind of
blank.

I’m talking about sweat trickling down the back of
your neck, anguish and panic and suffering kind of
blank. The tighter the deadline, the worse the anguish
of writer’s block gets.

Having said that, let me say it again. “The tighter
the deadline, the worse the anguish of writer’s block
gets.” Now, can you figure out what might possibly be
causing this horrible plunge into speechlessness?

The answer is obvious: FEAR! You are terrified of that
blank page. You are terrified you have absolutely
nothing of value to say. You are afraid of the fear of
writer’s block itself!

It doesn?t necessarily matter if you’ve done a decade
of research and all you have to do is string sentences
you can repeat in your sleep together into coherent
paragraphs. Writer’s block can strike anyone at any
time. Based in fear, it raises our doubts about our
own self-worth, but it’s sneaky. It’s writer’s block,
after all, so it doesn’t just come and let you know
that. No, it makes you feel like an idiot who just had
your frontal lobes removed through your sinuses. If
you dared to put forth words into the greater world,
they would surely come out as gibberish!

Let’s try and be rational with this irrational demon.
Let’s make a list of what might possibly be beneath
this terrible and terrifying condition.

1. Perfectionism. You must absolutely produce a
masterpiece of literature straight off in the first
draft. Otherwise, you qualify as a complete failure.

2. Editing instead of composing. There’s your
monkey-mind sitting on your shoulder, yelling as soon
as you type “I was born?,” no, not that, that’s wrong!
That’s stupid! Correct correct correct correct?

3. Self-consciousness. How can you think, let alone
write, when all you can manage to do is pry the
fingers of writer’s block away from your throat enough
so you can gasp in a few shallow breaths? You’re not
focusing on what you’re trying to write, your focusing
on those gnarly fingers around your windpipe.

4. Can’t get started. It’s always the first sentence
that’s the hardest. As writers, we all know how
EXTREMELY important the first sentence is. It must be
brilliant! It must be unique! It must hook your
reader’s from the start! There’s no way we can get
into writing the piece until we get past this
impossible first sentence.

5. Shattered concentration. You’re cat is sick. You
suspect your mate is cheating on you. Your electricity
might be turned off any second. You have a crush on
the local UPS deliveryman. You have a dinner party
planned for your in-laws. You . . . Need I say more.
How can you possibly concentrate with all this mental
clutter?

6. Procrastination. It’s your favorite hobby. It’s
your soul mate. It?s the reason you’ve knitted 60
argyle sweaters or made 300 bookcases in your garage
workshop. It’s the reason you never run out of Brie.

FACE IT ? IT?S ONE OF THE REASONS YOU HAVE WRITER’S
BLOCK!

How to Overcome Writer’s Block

Okay. I can hear that herd of you running away from
this article as fast as you can. Absurd! you huff.
Never in a million years, you fume. Writer’s block is
absolutely, undeniably, scientifically proven to be
impossible to overcome.

Oh, just get over it! Well, I guess it’s not that
easy. So try to sit down for just a few minutes and
listen. All you have to do is listen ? you don’t have
to actually write a single word.

Ah, there you all are again. I am beginning to make
you out now that the cloud of dust is settling.

I am here to tell you that WRITER’S BLOCK CAN BE
OVERCOME.

Please, remain seated.

There are ways to trick this nasty demon. Pick one,
pick several, and give them a try. Soon, before you
even have a chance for your heartbeat to accelerate,
guess what? You’re writing.

Here are some tried and true methods of overcoming
writer’s block:

1. Be prepared. The only thing to fear is fear itself.
(I know, that’s a clich?but as soon as you start
writing, feel free to improve on it.) If you spend
some time mulling over your project before you
actually sit down to write, you may be able to
circumvent the worst of the crippling panic.

2. Forget perfectionism. No one ever writes a
masterpiece in the first draft. Don’t put any
expectations on your writing at all! In fact, tell
yourself you’re going to write absolute garbage, and
then give yourself permission to happily stink up your
writing room.

3. Compose instead of editing. Never, never write your
first draft with your monkey-mind sitting on your
shoulder making snide editorial comments. Composing is
a magical process. It surpasses the conscious mind by
galaxies. It’s even incomprehensible to the conscious,
editorial, monkey-mind. So prepare an ambush. Sit down
at your computer or your desk. Take a deep breath and
blow out all your thoughts. Let your finger hover over
your keyboard or pick up your pen. And then pull a
fake: appear to be about to begin to write, but
instead, using your thumb and index finger of your
dominant hand, flick that little annoying ugly monkey
back into the barrel of laughs it came from. Then jump
in ? quickly! Write, scribble, scream, howl, let
everything loose, as long as you do it with a pen or
your computer keyboard.

4. Forget the first sentence. You can sweat over that
all-important one-liner when you’ve finished your
piece. Skip it! Go for the middle or even the end.
Start wherever you can. Chances are, when you read it
over, the first line will be blinking its little neon
lights right at you from the depths of your
composition.

5. Concentration. This is a hard one. Life throws us
so many curve balls. How about thinking about your
writing time as a little vacation from all those
annoying worries. Banish them! Create a space, perhaps
even a physical one, where nothing exists except the
single present moment. If one of those irritating
worries gets by you, stomp on it like you would an
ugly bug!

6. Stop procrastinating. Write an outline. Keep your
research notes within sight. Use someone else’s
writing to get going. Babble incoherently on paper or
on the computer if you have to.

Just do it! (I know, I stole that line from
somewhere?). Tack up anything that could possibly help
you to get going: notes, outlines, pictures of your
grandmother. Put the cookie you will be allowed to eat
when you finish your first draft within sight ? but
out of reach. Then pick up the same type of writing
that you need to write, and read it. Then read it
again. Soon, trust me, the fear will slowly fade away.
As soon as it does, grab your keyboard ? and get
writing!

Link Building 101 – The Basics on Building Links

Consider this your Link Building 101 article about what link building is and the basics on how to do it. When it comes to SEO (Search Engine Optimization), obtaining incoming links still plays one of the most important roles. Links from other sites to your site(s) represent one way for the search engines to determine that your information is reputable and trustworthy. If others are linking to your site, then it must be good, right?

So, how can you build good links to your own site? There are literally hundreds of ways to do this. But it all starts with quality. Whatever information or services you are offering on your website must be valuable to visitors. This will insure that you gain links organically because of your great content as you use other techniques to push the linking along a little bit. And quality includes being grammatically correct as well. One of the easiest ways to diminish your credibility is to fill up your site with spelling, punctuation and grammar errors. If you aren’t all that brushed up on your grammar, get the help of someone who is.

Make your site personal if it fits the look and feel you want to acheive. Most people like to know who they are dealing with, even if it’s on the web. It helps to put a picture and a relatively descriptive “About” or “Bio” page in your content.

Write some content with specific numbers in the titles like “10 quick ways to. . .”, “20 tips on . . .”. People love this kind of information and lists like these are great resources to link to from other types of articles.

Make a list of experts in your field. If you create a list and explanation along with each one, these people might actually link over to you from their well-establshed sites.

Use Pay Per Click (PPC) advertising. This is great way to get very targeted links to your site. You choose what you want them to be because you choose the keywords that you are advertising.

Another tried and trued method of link building 101 is to submit your site to the web directories that allow free submissions. Of course you can submit your site to paid directories as well but again, you need to make sure that they are of high quality and updated.

And here are some of the easiest ways to get links to your website. Ask and answer questions on Yahoo Answers or Google Groups or post a free ad on Craigslist. Your comment will link to your website or blog. These are all free and all fairly quick and easy.

Be social. By commenting on other people’s blogs or websites, you get more attention drawn to your own.

One of the main things to avoid when building your links is spam. Don’t be over-promotional or over-self-centered in any of your strategies. This will only backfire.

Hopefully this Link Building 101 has served you as an introduction to getting more links to your site.

A basic introduction to trading mindset

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Many people talk about the wonders of trading and how it can be best approached, but knowing how to establish and identify your entry signals can mean a lot to setting the right path to trading, therefore, a basic introduction to trading must be in order.

The primary goal to trading is for profit, since the penultimate goal for it is to sell for a profit. But do take note that trading is like gambling, where one cannot determine or tell what exact market forces are at play and what it can ultimately do to spell your trading choices.

Self determination is another key to your trading success. No one will tell you what to do next, you have to plan for yourself, expecially since there are no hard and fast rules for this career.

Other people may tell you what to do, and they could be right for a time, but do try to consider that the point is that the market fluctuates, and trading is about watching the market, analyzing it, and acting on your own.

Understand and manager your opportunities and risks.

All those people grabbing opportunities mean that the really good ones go away.
The random opportunity that most likely pops up in a trader’s life is a crisis in supply. Something has interrupted the normal flow of supply and demand, dramatically raising the price and this is a temporary chance.

Others will also be jumping on opportunities the same as you do. These may be the regular suppliers, those with surplus stock or another trader with a source elsewhere.

Wisely judge the risk and make your move.

Scamming is a career for some, so always be wary of people offering cutthroat deals or tempting offers. Thoroughly read the conditions of a contract, count zeros, and just be aware of every possible fine print on documents before signing.

Gambling to win means not letting the house make the rules. The difference between luck and success lies in the amount of risk managed. Sometimes you could get lucky and at other times not, so risk analysis and management lie at the heart of any method that can be termed reliable.

Setbacks happen and this is a risk in trading, where there are casualties and losses.  Play at the stakes and risk levels you can afford, don’t lay down all your cards and have nothing left to pick up on. Make every effort to know the market. This will help a lot in determining how you could establish the ins and outs of the market you are in.

Every trader needs to know his territory,and those item markets he is interested in

Trading is a world of compound interest, challenges and opportunities. One can invest in buying and selling more items in a single item market, you can pick up when you fell there is a slack on one item or you can diversify into other types of items.

The nature of the market is purposeful chaos. This is so because the market is the aggregate actions of thousands of people, therefore it cannot be trusted. It will change on you at the flick of a finger, void plans, erase profits, render prior knowledge obsolete or even render you penniless if you don’t play your cards right.Patterns change, so don’t just rely on it totally. As what the previous point indicates, one day it could be favorable for you, but that can change the next day, even the next hour or so. So this is a basic introduction to a trading mindset and this can help you be on your way to more profitable gains and calculated risks.

Continuing Education and Languages, Learn in your Spare Time!

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You are taking the plunge and are planning the trip of a lifetime across South America. You plan to visit each country for
an extended period of time and see the sights and sounds like that of a local. One problem. And it is a big one: you cannot
speak Spanish and know you will need to know at least a little bit before you
go.

Thankfully, you still have several months before your trip starts, so you can try to learn some Spanish before heading on
your trip. However, you are not sure how to go about learning the language. You see the advertisements on televisions for
the books and CD-ROM sets that claim to teach you the language in just a few days. You are more than skeptical.

Instead, you decide that taking a course with a native speaker would probably be the best bet. But where can you find these
types of courses without enrolling in an actual Spanish language degree program? You are most likely to find programs like
this for people just like you in continuing education programs.

Continuing education programs that have language courses are more tailored to the adult learner who wants to learn the
practical part of the language. The people who take these classes are more than likely using it for business purposes or
for recreational purposes. They need to know the phrases and need to practice conversation. Continuing education classes
like this are great for that.

How can you find continuing education courses where you can learn all the important parts of the language in the shortest
amount of time? Well, most colleges and universities offer language courses for adult learners that do not involve enrolling
in a degree program. To find out more about these types of courses, call your local college and university and speak to an enrollment specialist
about the registration process, the class times and what you can expect to learn in the class.

Most times, these classes are led by native speakers who can provide the much needed practice to perfect your accent and
comprehension of the language. These courses are usually offered in a beginner, intermediate and advanced level that allows
people to learn at their own pace. Students can also retake courses if they choose to perfect something they did not feel
like they mastered previously.

Some colleges and universities also offer courses in other languages like Arabic, French, Italian and German, mostly
depending on what part of the country you live in and your interests. Arabic language courses have increased in popularity
in the years since 9/11 and will most likely continue to rise in popularity as refugees continue to come to this country.

On the flip side, continuing education courses are also offered to non-English speakers who have recently come to this
country. These immigrants want to learn the language and continuing education courses like this provide the best format
for them to do so.

So say “hola” to continuing education and learn enough Spanish to spend your vacation like a local.

Alternative Energy from the Ocean

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) was conceived of by the French engineer Jacques D’Arsonval in 1881. However, at the time of this writing the Natural Energy Laboratory of Hawaii is home to the only operating experimental OTEC plant on the face of the earth. OTEC is a potential alternative energy source that needs to be funded and explored much more than it presently is. The great hurdle to get over with OTEC implementation on a wide and practically useful level is cost. It is difficult to get the costs down to a reasonable level because of the processes presently utilized to drive OTEC. Ocean thermal energy would be very clean burning and not add pollutants into the air. However, as it presently would need to be set up with our current technologies, OTEC plants would have the capacity for disrupting and perhaps damaging the local environment.

There are three kinds of OTEC.

“Closed Cycle OTEC” uses a low-boiling point liquid such as, for example, propane to act as an intermediate fluid. The OTEC plant pumps the warm sea water into the reaction chamber and boils the intermediate fluid. This results in the intermediate fluid’s vapor pushing the turbine of the engine, which thus generates electricity. The vapor is then cooled down by putting in cold sea water.

“Open Cycle OTEC” is not that different from closed cycling, except in the Open Cycle there is no intermediate fluid. The sea water itself is the driver of the turbine engine in this OTEC format. Warm sea water found on the surface of the ocean is turned into a low-pressure vapor under the constraint of a vacuum. The low-pressure vapor is released in a focused area and it has the power to drive the turbine. To cool down the vapor and create desalinated water for human consumption, the deeper ocean’s cold waters are added to the vapor after it has generated sufficient electricity.

“Hybrid Cycle OTEC” is really just a theory for the time being. It seeks to describe the way that we could make maximum usage of the thermal energy of the ocean’s waters. There are actually two sub-theories to the theory of Hybrid Cycling. The first involves using a closed cycling to generate electricity. This electricity is in turn used to create the vacuum environment needed for open cycling. The second component is the integration of two open cyclings such that twice the amount of desalinated, potable water is created that with just one open cycle.

In addition to being used for producing electricity, a closed cycle OTEC plant can be utilized for treating chemicals. OTEC plants, both open cycling and close cycling kinds, are also able to be utilized for pumping up cold deep sea water which can then be used for refrigeration and air conditioning. Furthermore, during the moderation period when the sea water is surrounding the plant, the enclosed are can be used for mariculture and aquaculture projects such as fish farming. There is clearly quite an array of products and services that we could derive from this alternative energy source.